The farewell of Portuguese migrants (DN); Protests in favor of refugees in Germany (Reuters/Fabrizio Bensch); Immigrant detention center in the Manus Island, Australia (Reuters)
The analysis of the media is a contextualization task, the objective of which is to help us understand the prevalent representations of migrants and migration issues, as well as the prevalent representations of the contexts covered by our project (Portugal, Angola, Australia and Germany).
Written press sources from each of the countries were selected according to their representativeness in terms of circulation, influence on public opinion and tendency to reproduce the content of other national publications. The news pieces were collected via the newspapers’ websites. The period covered is January 2017 to June 2018.
The task is ongoing, however, we have finalized the collection and preliminary analysis of the Portuguese newspapers Público e Diário de Notícias, from which a total of 818 journalistic pieces have been collected.
Relating to migration, the themes most covered by these two newspapers were, firstly, the restrictive migratory policies in countries like the USA, Italy and Hungary; followed by the Mediterranean migratory flow. In terms of national themes, those most written about were Golden Visas and the naturalisation of migrants. Within emigration, the bulk of the focus was about demography and specific professions.
Australia appears mainly in pieces about terrorism and pedophilia. Migration here appears in relation to the illegal detention of refugees. The news about Portuguese in Australia are overwhelmingly concerning surf events. There are no pieces about Australians in Portugal.
The pieces concerning Angola report mainly the economic crisis, the power transition between presidents Santos and Lourenço and operation Fizz. As for migration, the news reports on migratory policies. News about Portuguese-Angolan relations focuses on diplomatic and economic relations. The news coverage about Angolans in Portugal is very small, with a focus on the number of Angolans who live in Portugal, and Angolan students’ difficulties in receiving money from Angola.
Germany is portrayed as a strong economy that influences Europe and Portugal. News about migration focus on crimes against immigrants and immigration advocates, migration policies and refugees. Portuguese migrants appear in news about nurses and Portuguese companies in trade fairs. News about Germans in Portugal focus on German companies.
We will continue to share our findings as they emerge.
In 2016, the majority of Australians continue to live in the eastern mainland states. Approximately 77% lived in New South Wales (32%), Victoria (25%) and Queensland (20%) (Census, 2016). New South Wales was still the most popular state or territory to live in 2016 for Australia’s overseas-born population (34%), including the Portuguese (53%).
Place of Usual Residence (States)
Chart elaborated by the project “Transits” based on data from Australian Bureau of Statistics – Census 2016
The first movement of Portuguese migrants occurred during the 1950s mainly from Madeira Island towards Fremantle in Western Australia. Since then, Perth and Western Australia, in general, have been a frequent destination for Portuguese students and skilled labour which explains the higher presence of this group in this state compared to Australian and overseas-born population as a whole.
Portuguese – Year of Arrival in NSW, Australia (ranges)
Chart elaborated by the project “Transits” based on data from Australian Bureau of Statistics – Census 2016.
In 2016, the majority of Portuguese migrants continue to live in NSW (53%), of which 82% were living in the greater Sydney area. Most of them arrived in the state during between 1966-1975 (39%) and have continued to arrive in the following decades: 1976-1985 (18%) and 1986-1995 (21%). During the turn of the century, the arrival of Portuguese migrants has decrease sharply (3,7%). However, in the middle of the first decade of the XXI century, the arrival of Portuguese has increased again (10%). The recent and significant increase of the Portuguese population in New South Wales is evident and crucial for our research, opening new questions about the configuration, projects and aspirations of this newcomers.
Historically, more people immigrate to, than emigrate from, Australia. Immigration to modern Australia began in 1788, when the first British colony “Crown of New South Wales” was established. Like Canada, currently Australia became designated as the country of immigration.
Since the end of World War II the Australian population has quadrupled due to immigration incentive programs. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants from all over Europe and the Middle East arrived in Australia. After the abolition of the “White Australia” policy in 1973, which excluded non-European immigration, numerous government initiatives promoted ethnic harmony based on a multicultural policy.
According to the 2016 Census, there were 23.4 million people living in Australia. In 2016, 49% of Australians had either been born overseas (28.5%) or one or both parents had been born overseas and (20.5%). Persons born in the UK (3.9%) continued to be the largest group of overseas-born residents, followed by persons born in New Zealand (2.2%), China (2.2%) and India (1.9%). The 2016 Census counted 15 806 persons who have born in Portugal (0.1%).
In 2015 United Nations estimated 526 579 Australians living outside Australia (2.2%), which indicates that outgoing movements are less relevant than the ingoing’s. Australian emigrants are based manly in UK (26%), EUA (15%) and New Zealand (12%). Portugal represents just 0,3% of the Australian outgoing flows during 21st century.