The analysis of the media is a contextualization task, the objective of which is to help us understand the prevalent representations of migrants and migration issues, as well as the prevalent representations of the contexts covered by our project (Portugal, Angola, Australia and Germany).
Written press sources from each of the countries were selected according to their representativeness in terms of circulation, influence on public opinion and tendency to reproduce the content of other national publications. The news pieces were collected via the newspapers’ websites. The period covered is January 2017 to June 2018.
The task is ongoing, however, we have finalized the collection and preliminary analysis of the Portuguese newspapers Público e Diário de Notícias, from which a total of 818 journalistic pieces have been collected.
Relating to migration, the themes most covered by these two newspapers were, firstly, the restrictive migratory policies in countries like the USA, Italy and Hungary; followed by the Mediterranean migratory flow. In terms of national themes, those most written about were Golden Visas and the naturalisation of migrants. Within emigration, the bulk of the focus was about demography and specific professions.
Australia appears mainly in pieces about terrorism and pedophilia. Migration here appears in relation to the illegal detention of refugees. The news about Portuguese in Australia are overwhelmingly concerning surf events. There are no pieces about Australians in Portugal.
The pieces concerning Angola report mainly the economic crisis, the power transition between presidents Santos and Lourenço and operation Fizz. As for migration, the news reports on migratory policies. News about Portuguese-Angolan relations focuses on diplomatic and economic relations. The news coverage about Angolans in Portugal is very small, with a focus on the number of Angolans who live in Portugal, and Angolan students’ difficulties in receiving money from Angola.
Germany is portrayed as a strong economy that influences Europe and Portugal. News about migration focus on crimes against immigrants and immigration advocates, migration policies and refugees. Portuguese migrants appear in news about nurses and Portuguese companies in trade fairs. News about Germans in Portugal focus on German companies.
We will continue to share our findings as they emerge.