Transits

material culture, migration and everyday life

Month: September 2018

Germany ID: some emigration and immigration indicators

An estimated 6M left Germany between 1820 and 1920. A large portion immigrated to the USA. As the industrial era brought economic success to the German Empire the number of immigrants to Germany surpassed the number of Germans who left.

Traditional model of recruiting and temporarily employing foreign workers:  Italy (1955), Greece and Spain (1960), Turkey (1961), Morocco (1963), Portugal (1964), Tunisia (1965) and Yugoslavia (1968). Foreign workers were employed primarily as unskilled, semi-skilled laborers in sectors were piecework, shift work. While immigration figures remained modest through the 1980s, the numbers rapidly grew again in the early 1990s.

Different from Portugal, who’s one of the EU countries with fewer immigrants, Germany is the country in Europe with the most amount of immigrants, and the second in the world, only after USA. In 2015, according to United Nations, Germany has an immigration net of 14,5% against a emigration net of 4,9%.

German emigrants are based manly in USA (40%), Switzerland (23%) and UK (21%). Portugal represents just 0,3% of the German outgoing flows in 2015. Despite that, from 2010 to 2015 the estimated number of Germans in Portugal has grown witch might indicated an increasing trend (United Nations, 2015).

Destatis 2017 counted 82.7M people living in Germany. At the same year, the immigration registered 12,9%. Persons born in the Turkey (14%) continued to be the largest group of overseas-born residents, followed by persons born in Poland (8,2%) and Syria (6,6%). Portuguese’s represent 1.4% of the foreign nationals living in Germany with 146 810 persons in 2017, wherein 25% arrived in the last 8 years. (Destatis, 2017).

From de total of 10.6 millions immigrants in Germany, 13% has born in German land although without German citizenship. For instance, 28% of Turks has born in Germany, as well as 24% of Italians and 21% of Serbs. Among Portuguese immigrants, not more than 16% has born at German land.

TRANSITS Survey

 

 

 

Dear followers

TRANSITS is spreading a survey to Portuguese citizens residing in Berlin, Sydney and Luanda, and to German, Australian and Angolan citizens residing in Lisbon.

We would like to ask your collaboration for filling and distributing the survey.

Portugueses in Berlin, Sydney and Luanda –  https://ics.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_7ZCzCWesL3sgg3r

 Angolans in Lisbon –  https://ics.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_eyC04XZKXxu8Q2F

 Australians in Lisbon –  https://ics.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_2memDykHHXxTVHL

Germans in Lisbon –  https://ics.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_3slwydeMYoQKGdn

Only complete surveys will be considered valid. Participation is anonymous and data will be handled and used exclusively by researchers of the TRANSITS team.

TRANSITS focuses on present-day bidirectional movements of people and things between Lisbon, Luanda, Berlin and Sydney. The survey seeks to know people under those movements, their trajectories, expectations, migratory projects, and their relationships with the contexts of departure and arrival. Being an innovative research project, it is important that TRANSITS survey reaches as many people as possible in order to be faithfully to people’s lives and voices.

TRANSITS team is available for any further questions or additional information through email: transits.ics.ul@gmail.com

Thank you for your time!

TRANSITS team,

 

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