Human migrations present today new routes and configurations, which contributes to their increasing visibility and diversity. In 2015, the number of international immigrants was 243 million, corresponding to 3.3% of the global population. Although the number of international migrants has increased in the past recent decades, their relative weight on the world population continues to be discrete (from 2.3% to 3.3% between 1965 and 2015).

Portuguese (%) in the top 15 host countries

Map elaborated by the project “Transits” based on data from United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2015).

According to the UN, Portugal would have in 2015 approximately 2.3 million emigrants, who represent 0.9% of the total number of world emigrants for that year. Considering that the weight of the Portuguese population in the world population is 0.14%, Portugal presents a sevenfold increase concerning the number of emigrants. This makes of Portugal the country of the European Union with more emigrants in proportion to its resident population[1]. According to the same source, there are five main host countries that account for 68% of the Portuguese emigrants: France (31%), the USA (17%), Switzerland (9%) and Canada (7%). The remaining 32% are distributed around Spain (5%), the United Kingdom (4%), Germany (4%), Luxembourg (4%), Venezuela (2%), South Africa %), Australia (1%), Netherlands (1%) and Angola (1%).

[1] Considering only the countries with more than one million inhabitants.